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I bring a lot of diversity as a Product Manager as I got the opportunity to work on some of the best tech companies in Silicon Valley. My education background is that I completed my undergraduate in Economics in Southern Illinois University, Carbondale and did my masters in Engineering Management. …

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Interview Preparation

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In this session, I will help you gauge the level of your coding interview preparation. Share feedback with you that will help you improve not just how you approach a … Read More

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Practice with VMware interview questions

Get the inside scoop on current VMware interview questions. Prepare for your interview with a few select questions you might face.

How do you stay updated about the latest features and updates in VMware?

Staying updated with the latest changes in VMware technology is a crucial part of my job, and I utilize various sources and strategies to do so.

Official VMware resources are my first point of reference. I regularly check VMware's official publications, including the latest releases and documentation on their website, and I subscribe to their official blog.

I also participate in VMware's official forums and community platforms like VMTN (VMware Technology Network) where VMware users share their experiences, challenges, solutions, and insights on the latest updates and features.

Social media outlets like LinkedIn, Twitter, and Reddit often host discussions and posts from VMware experts and enthusiasts, offering real-time information about industry trends and software updates.

Lastly, I believe in learning through experience. I make time to experiment with the latest releases in a testing environment. This hands-on approach helps me understand new features, how they perform, interoperate, and any possible limitations or issues that may come up.

Professional development is a continuous process, whether it's attending webinars, participating in trainings and workshops, or gaining certifications, I try to keep refining my VMware skills to remain updated and effective in my role.

Can you explain what NIC Teaming is and how it's used in VMware?

Network Interface Card (NIC) teaming, also known as network adapter teaming, is a way of grouping together several physical NICs into one logical NIC. The primary purposes are to provide network redundancy and increase network throughput capacity.

In the context of VMware, NIC teaming can be used in vSphere environments to achieve greater network capacity and provide failover capabilities. You would configure NIC teaming on a vSphere standard switch or a vSphere distributed switch within the vSphere client.

When a vSwitch uses NIC teaming and one NIC fails or becomes disconnected, the network traffic is automatically rerouted to one of the remaining functional network adapters in the team. This ensures continuous network connectivity for the virtual machines, improving overall network reliability.

NIC teaming also allows load balancing where network traffic is distributed between the physical adapters in a team, allowing higher throughput than would be possible with a single NIC.

Keep in mind correct switch configurations and potential impacts on your network topology are important considerations when implementing NIC Teaming. It's an effective tool for increasing network availability and performance in a VMware environment but it needs to be configured properly to avoid network loops or performance degradation.

How familiar are you with PowerCLI and its uses in VMware?

Working with VMware, you often encounter situations that require tasks to be performed across multiple VMs or hosts, which can be time-consuming if done manually. This is where PowerCLI, a powerful command-line tool provided by VMware, comes in handy.

PowerCLI is a PowerShell interface with VMware-specific additions and enhancements. It's used to automate VMware vSphere, vCloud Director, vRealize Operations Manager, vSAN, NSX-T, VMware Cloud services, VMware Horizon, and other services.

I've regularly used PowerCLI for various functions such as creating VMs, managing VM power states, taking snapshots, OS customization, running compliance checks, and reporting purposes, among other tasks. These scripts save a significant amount of time, enhance productivity, minimize errors, and ensure consistency.

To give a specific example, I once used PowerCLI to migrate a large number of VMs across datastores while maintaining order and efficiency that would have been vastly more time-consuming and error-prone if done manually.

So in short, I'm pretty well-versed with PowerCLI and believe it's a critical skill for effective VMware administration.

Have you ever implemented a system using VMware from scratch? How would you approach it?

Yes, I have had experiences of implementing VMware infrastructure from scratch, and it requires careful planning and execution.

Starting, a clear understanding of the business needs and project requirements is vital. This helps determine the capacity planning for compute, storage, and networking resources.

Next, I would design the network layout, considering factors like network segregation for different types of traffic (management, vMotion, storage, VM traffic), and necessary redundancy.

For the storage architecture, it will depend on the requirements and existing infrastructure. We might go for a local storage setup using vSAN, or a network storage setup using NFS or iSCSI.

Once the hardware is set up and network connectivity has been established, I would install the VMware ESXi on each server. After that, I would set up the vCenter server, either as an appliance or on a Windows server, which would act as the centralized management point.

With vCenter up, I would add all the ESXi hosts to vCenter and create datacenters and clusters as planned. I'd also configure the high availability and DRS settings for each cluster.

Post the cluster configuration, I would configure shared storage and vMotion. Then the network would be set up, including the switch configuration and VMkernel adapters.

Finally, the creation of Virtual Machines starts based on the application requirements. These can then be tweaked for their resource allocation and network settings.

This is a broad-level overview, the in-depth details could vary based on the precise requirements, the organizational standards and practices, and existing IT infrastructure. And, as with all complex IT projects, thorough documentation, regular monitoring and maintenance after the setup are important to keep everything running smoothly.

What are some of the limitations that you've encountered while working with VMware? How did you overcome them?

Working with VMware, like with any software solution, does come with specific limitations and challenges. One such limitation is related to licensing. The advanced features of VMware like vMotion, High Availability, or DRS, which make it one of the most powerful virtualization platforms, require enterprise-level licensing. This can be quite expensive, especially for small and medium-sized businesses.

To overcome this, I implemented a combination of the free version of vSphere along with some open-source tools to meet the high-availability and server migration needs in cost-sensitive environments.

Another limitation I bumped into is the maximum number of virtual CPUs you can allocate to a VM, depending on the ESXi version used. It can become a hindrance for high-performance applications that need a large number of vCPUs. I had to perform careful capacity planning and use resource optimization practices to ensure the best possible performance.

Lastly, VMware’s vSphere Web Client, which is a central management tool for vSphere environment, was often slower and less responsive compared to older desktop client. VMware has addressed this in vSphere 6.7 with an HTML5-based client which is faster and much more user-friendly.

It's important to note that every IT solution has its unique strengths and weaknesses. The key is to understand these limitations and be creative and informed in finding efficient ways around them.

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